43 Different Types of Palm Trees: Identification, Locations (State Map) (2024)

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There are different types of palm trees in almost every region. Additionally, the plant’s versatility makes it a crucial resource for the planet.

For this reason, palm trees play an important part in human culture. Archaeological evidence shows that people have used palms for at least the last five thousand years. It goes back to early Middle Eastern societies like Mesopotamia, where the date palm was cultivated for its edible fruit and symbolic value in religious ceremonies.

Some historians go so far as to say that the palm tree and the food it offered are what allowed for the successful expansion of humans into previously uninhabitable, hot, and barren environments. It’s easy to see why the palm tree has been adopted as a symbol by many when considering how it may be used and enjoyed.

Keep reading to learn more about the types of palms trees available, where they’re located and how you can benefit from planting palm trees.

What Are the Different Types of Palm Trees in the World?

The sight of palm palms immediately conjures up images of sunny beaches, tropical climes, and lush outdoor spaces, but there’s more to them than just types of palm trees in Florida and types of palm trees in California. Palm trees may be identified by fiber-covered trunks, stems, and fan-shaped or feather-like fronds (leaves).1

Date palms and coconut palms are not the only palm trees that thrive in tropical climates. It’s true that tropical palms often thrive in hot, humid environments, but there are a few species that can handle colder temperatures. It is possible to cultivate several palm tree species successfully as houseplants. If you are wondering what the different types of palm trees are, here is a list:

1. Dwarf Date Palm

The date palm may grow to be huge, but the dwarf date palm has a more manageable size. The tallest that this palm can become is six feet. That makes it suitable for most interior spaces.

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(Image: Mmcknight46)

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(Image: Daderot7)

2. Chilean Wine Palm

The Chilean wine palm can survive in various climates and soil types. Its range is larger than other palms, reaching as far north as USDA hardiness zone 8. It’s equally at home in either a greenhouse or a sunny window.

3. Foxtail Palm

The foxtail palm develops rapidly and may grow up to 30 feet. It stands out from other palms because of the symmetry between its trunk and fronds, which are both large and rounded.

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(Image: Mmcknight48)

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(Image: Javier martin9)

4. Brahea armata

Brahea armata, which may grow up to 50 ft in height, is characterized by a thick trunk and blue foliage. The inflorescences of this palm have great length and resemble the feather boas a dancing queen could wear.

5. African Oil Palm

The tropical region stretching from Angola to Liberia along the West African coast is home to the African oil palm. It could reach a height of 20m, has massive compound leaves, and can tolerate some salt.

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(Image: Craig10)

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(Image: Eric Royer Stoner11)

6. Acai Palm

Originally from South and Central America, the Acai palm tree may be grown for its edible fruit, palm hearts, leaves, and wood. Its drupes are often called acai berries and their stalks are thin and grayish-brown.

7. Adonidia Palm

Adonidia palms or Christmas Palms (Veitchia merrillii) are often used as decorative plants due to their clusters of shiny red fruits appearing in autumn and winter. The Philippines is its natural habitat.

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(Image: DEZALB12)

8. Red Feather Palm

The Red feather palm often called the Flamethrower palm is easily recognizable by the emerging bright red leaves from the crown which eventually turn lush green. Its little red fruits attract birds.

9. Cat Palm

The growth pattern of a cat palm is distinct from that of other common houseplant palms. Cat palms have an unusual shape with many smaller stems rather than a single thicker trunk.

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(Image: Krzysztof Ziarnek14)

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(Image: Karelj15)

10. Florida Palm

There are many types of palm trees in Florida, and the term’s general use makes it difficult to distinguish species like Dwarf palmettos, needle palm, scrub palmetto, saw palmetto, and paurotis palm.

11. Ponytail Palm

When in the wild, this palm can reach up to 30 ft; it may take up to five years to reach even 2 ft in a shallow container. Although it is not a real palm, this asparagus related may be grown in a small pot.

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(Image: Tangopaso16)

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(Image: Daderot17)

12. Mazari Palm

As far as palm trees go, the Mazari palm is more of a bush than anything else. The Mazari palm, found in southern Asia, is characterized by palmate leaves that appear in clusters along its stems.

13. Areca Palm

The areca palm, or Dipsis lutescens, was once in danger of extinction. The fronds on this plant are slim yet dense and the summertime flowers are delicate golden. Soil with a mild acidity is ideal.

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(Image: Quang Nguyen Vinh18)

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(Image: Marco De Luca19)

14. Bismarck Palm

The fronds of Bismarck’s palms are a stunning steely blue and stand erectly. It’s a taller palm (up to 70 feet) that can withstand warmer conditions.

15. Bottle Palm

The trunk of a bottle palm is easily recognizable. The resemblance to a co*ke bottle is what gives this item its nickname. It is vulnerable to cold and has long sparse green fronds.

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(Image: S Molteno20)

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(Image: Alexey Demidov21)

16. Broadleaf Lady Palm

A newly developed hybrid, broadleaf lady palm, was bred in China. Although it is not found in nature, it has become a popular houseplant due to its ability to purify the air within a home.

17. Butia Capitata

The blue-green fronds of this slow-growing evergreen palm curve inward toward the tree’s stem, giving the palm a characteristic “weeping” appearance. Thin, V-shaped leaflets make up each leaf.

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(Image: Daderot22)

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(Image: sarangib23)

18. Caryota

One whole family of palm trees is known by the name Caryota. Like a fish’s tail, the plant’s leaves are all sharp and pointy. These palms need anything from half to full sun to flourish.

How Many Types of Palm Trees Are There in the World?

The above list is only the tip of the iceberg. The type of climate determines how many types of palm trees are there in a region. Each palm tree has its unique characteristics.

Palm trees come in over 2,500 varieties and over 202 distinct genera.

The majority of these species are located in tropical and subtropical regions. Most palm tree species are only found in tropical or subtropical locations because they cannot tolerate cooler temperatures. On the other hand, palm trees can endure temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit.

Palm trees that thrive in cold climates are shorter and less towering than their tropical counterparts. It seems to reason that there would be a great deal of variety among palm trees, given that there are hundreds of species.

Trees may have one trunk or numerous. A few of them become more like vines than anything else. There is no such thing as a “typical” leaf since every tree has its own unique set of leaves.

Do Palm Trees Clean the Air?

Do palm trees clean the air? This is the major question many people ask. When you see palm palms, it’s as if you have suddenly been transported to a tropical paradise.

They may also make your home’s air seem invigorating as a breezy beachfront if you believe hard enough.2 Forget your wildest dreams; palms remove harmful substances from the air, including formaldehyde and other typical household pollutants.

Pygmy date palms and bamboo palms are good options. These palms are the best at removing pollutants from the air. But remember that as they expand, they will need to be pruned to prevent your property from becoming an overgrown jungle instead of a tropical paradise.

How Much To Trim Palm Trees in Each State?

If you want healthy palm trees, you should trim them yearly.3 After the palm tree blossoms, but before the seeds form, it is prime time. When the seed pods of palm trees open, the ensuing scattering of seeds may cause a lot of clutter and since seeds and dead branches may accumulate rapidly, it’s a good idea to have them trimmed off once a year.

Many people always ask how much to trim palm trees in different regions. Most companies that provide palm tree pruning do not charge by the hour. Work-based pricing is how they operate.

This is because every company has its structure and personnel needs. If you had ten palm palms trimmed, it would take one business far longer to do the task if they only had two employees than if they had six.

Though the final cost would be about the same, a tree service with five staff would have the job done in a fraction of the time. This is why they use a per-job pricing structure.

Palm Tree Trimming Cost Calculator in the US

Using a tree trimming cost calculator will help in determining the palm tree trimming costs. The price will vary, depending on the species, the size of the tree, and the number of fronds (leaves) that need to be cut down. The palm tree trimming cost calculator will help palm tree owners to identify an estimated amount when planning to have their plants trimmed.

According to national estimates, pruning a palm tree (single palm) costs $179 on average. However, the price might vary widely from $75 to $945.

The following table details the average cost of palm tree trimming based on tree height, tree trimming price per hour, and palm tree species.

Height of Tree (Feet)Cost Range
10-15$60-$75
15-25$100-$350
25-40$200-$425
Above 50$350-$945

A View of All Types of Palm Trees in Each State

Off the beaten path, palm palms provide a touch of natural beauty. Originating from many countries due to their constituent, different types of palm tree species are all geographically dispersed in different states.

Palm trees in each of these states are unique. Climate and geography have a role in the resulting species diversity. Read on to learn about the many palm trees in every state, including the types of palm tree in Hawaii.

StateType of Palm Trees
AlabamaPindo Palm
Windmill Palm
AlaskaNeedle Palm
ArizonaMexican Blue Fan Palm
Chilean Wine Palm
California Fan Palm
ArkansasSago Palm
Pindo Palm
CaliforniaCalifornia Fan Palm
ColoradoBlue Palmetto
ConnecticutEuropean Fan Palm
DelawareSago Palm
FloridaNeedle Palm
Miami Palm
Cabbage Palm
GeorgiaWindmill Palm
Needle Palm

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Pindo Palm Tree (Image: Daderot24)

StateType of Palm Trees
HawaiFishtail Palm
Kentia Palm
Rhapis Palm
IdahoSaw Palmetto Palm
Windmill Palm
IllinoisEuropean Fan Palm
IndianaSago Palm
Needle Palm
IowaAreca Palm
Chinese Fan Palm
KansasPindo Palm
KentuckyWindmill Palm
LouisianaAreca Palm
Jelly Palm
Canary Island State Palm
MaineKentia Palm
Lady Palm
MarylandNeedle Palm

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Sago Palm Tree (Image: Dinkum25)

StateType of Palm Trees
MassachusettsSaw Palmetto
MichiganKentia Palm
MinnesotaAreca Palm
MississippiQueen Palm

Sabal Palm

MissouriSaw Palmetto
MontanaChinese Fan Palm
NebraskaAreca Palm
New HampshireLady Palm
Kentia Palm
New JerseyEuropean Fan Palm
New MexicoSago Palm

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European Fan Palm (Image: Tangopaso26)

StateType of Palm Trees
New YorkWindmill Palm
NevadaMexican Fan Palm
California Fan Palm
North and South CarolinaQueen Palm
True Date Palm
Chinese Fan Palm
North DakotaLady Palm
OhioDwarf Palmetto
OklahomaUmbrella Palm
OregonMexican Fan Palm
True Date Palm
PennsylvaniaEuropean Fan Palm
Saw Palmetto
Rhode IslandSago Palm
South DakotaKentia Palm

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Umbrella Palm (Image: Daderot27)

StateType of Palm Trees
TexasMexican Palmetto
Dwarf Palmetto
Triangle Palm
UtahBismarck Palm
Caranday Palm
VermontChinese Fan Palm
VirginiaCabbage Palm
Dwarf Palmetto Palm
WashingtonTrue Date Palm
West VirginiaWindmill Palm
WisconsinAreca Palm

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Caranday Palm (Image: Andrea Grosse, John P. Mosesso28)

Types of Palm Trees With Spikes in the United States

Usually, when you purchase a plant, you expect it to be safe for garden guests and yourself. However, the fact is that there are different types of palm trees with spikes that are quite very lovely. They include:

  • Astrocaryum Alatum

A stunning palm that grows to a height of 4 to 6 meters, endemic to Nicaragua, Honduras, and Colombia. It has long, pinnate leaves that may grow to a staggering 7 meters in length. Because its trunk is coated with enormous, black stingers up to 25cm in length, this plant must be handled with extreme caution.

  • Livistona Saree

Asian origin is a given for this palm with characteristic palmate leaves. It may grow as tall as 40 meters and has a trunk diameter of up to 65 centimeters and its petioles have curled spines up to 5cm long that run along their borders. So far, it is the only one we’ve found that can survive in sub-zero temperatures.

  • Date Palm

The date palm, found naturally in Southwest Asia, may quickly reach a height of 30 meters and a trunk thickness of 20 to 50 cm. The pinnate leaves may reach a length of 5 meters and have a distinct curled shape.

The Perfect Types of Palm Trees Indoor

Indoor palm plants, maybe due to their affinity with tropical settings, have been shown to have a calming effect on their owners, unlike any other houseplant. Palm trees may thrive inside if you have the right lighting and humidity.4 Because of this, proper identification of your types of indoor palm trees is essential for providing the best care possible.

If you want to give your house a more breezy, tropical vibe, try growing one of these palms inside;

  • Chinese Fan Palm

Livistona chinensis stands apart from other palms by its unusual star-shaped leaves rather than its more common feathery fronds. Although this palm species grow slowly, in maturity, it may reach a height of 15 feet or more.

  • Areca Palm

The areca palm (Dypsis lutescens), often called the bamboo palm, is a popular houseplant because of its low-light tolerance. It has enormous fronds that are green and fluffy and have a little sway.

  • Majesty Palm

The majesty palm (Ravenea rivularis) is a great indoor palm because of its moderate growth rate and partial shade tolerance.

  • Cascade Palm

Chamaedorea cataractarum, in contrast to palm trees with a central stem, has exceptionally full palm fronds that grow in clusters to a height of 6 feet.

  • Parlor Palm

As its name implies, the parlor palm (Chamaedorea elegans) is one of the simplest palms to cultivate indoors. It thrives at normal room temperatures and flourishes in ordinary indoor light or even artificial light.

Identifying the Famous Palm Trees in Los Angeles

There are three famous palm trees in Los Angeles, all of which belong to the Arecaceae family. Similarly, two of these trees share the same genus (Washingtonia). They include:

  • California Fan Palm

Only one palm tree, the California Fan Palm (Washingtonia filifera), is indigenous to the United States. The tree is widespread across the Mojave and Colorado deserts. It goes by the name Desert Fan Palm (particularly in Arizona, where locals appear to take offense at the tree being named after another state).

The palm tree may grow to a height of 70 feet and has a trunk up to four feet in diameter. Because it keeps its dead leaves as it matures, it may seem somewhat shaggy.

  • Mexican Fan Palm

Most Los Angeles residents are probably familiar with the Mexican Fan Palm (Washingtonia robusta). Although it is not local, you may find this plant in the far northwest of Mexico and Baja California.

Because animals disperse the plant’s seeds, they may thrive in various environments and requires less water than W. filifera. A Mexican Fan Palm is that little palm tree that seems to grow in an odd place, all by itself, distant from other palms.

In addition, there are many similar types of fan palm trees.

  • Canary Island Date Palm

Los Angeles is also home to the Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix canariensis), a species that is endemic to the Canary Islands. The species stands out among the many others native to the Los Angeles area.

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(Image: adelekeaton29)

Canary Island Date Palm has a significantly thicker trunk and an abundance of feathery leaves at its tip. The ridges left behind from the leaf bases that have fallen off may also be seen on the tree’s trunk. You may see elephant skin in the trunk’s design.

Palm Trees Height (Type) Across Different Regions

Palm trees height (type) vary depending on the area they grow. Although taller palms are more common sights along beaches and streets, not all palms meet the criteria to be classified as trees.

Indeed, it is a misconception to refer to all palms as trees. Some exhibit the characteristics of vines or creepers and are, therefore, more appropriately categorized as vines, while others are shrubs.

What Are the Identification Types of Palm Trees Chart?

Palms planted inside or in containers may be much smaller than their outdoor counterparts, with compact kinds often reaching just 6 to 9 feet in height.

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However, some palms are among the world’s tallest trees. One example is the Wax Palm, which may reach up to 200 feet. Here are the different types of palm trees and their corresponding height.

Below is a table for the palm tree identification chart. It compares and contrasts the fronds, bark, fruit, and height of the types of palm trees:

Type of Palm TreeFrond CharacteristicsBark (Trunk) and FruitHeight in Feet
Areca PalmIts fronds are feather-like in shape and arch from the top of the trunk.It has silver-green trunk and inedible yellow-orange fruit.6-9
Windmill PalmIts fronds are fan-like in shape with tips looking stiff or droopy.It has a hairy trunk covered with short brown fibers. Its fruit turns yellow. Mostly, the fruits will turn bluish-black.10-20
Majesty PalmIts fronds are feather-link in shape and usually grow upwards and arch toward the end.When young, its trunk is green with round brown patches and as it grows it becomes light gray. Some varieties will grow flowers and turn into small red fruit.10-20
Needle PalmIts fronds are fan-like and rounded in shape attached to a long petiole.Rather than a single trunk, its stems grow closely together forming a single base with spines that are needle-like and sharp. Its drupe fruit is brown.3-9
European Fan PalmIts fronds are fan-like in shape and light green to silver in color.The trunk is covered with spines and the fruit is orange to brown in color.3-9

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Type of Palm TreeFrond CharacteristicsBark (Trunk) and FruitHeight in Feet
Coconut PalmIts fronds are drooping and feather-like in shape with colors ranging from bright to light green.Its trunk is smooth and has a light color. Its fruit, coconut, grows in clusters at the crown.5-10
Fishtail PalmIts fronds are feather-like in shape and each frond is separated into two leaflets.Its trunk is usually multiple and its small edible fruit is red in color.3-5
Sago PalmIts fronds are feather-like in shape and have similar characteristics to ferns.It usually has a single trunk and doesn’t produce fruit but can produce nuts.3-5
Queen PalmIts fronds are feather-like arching from the crown.It’s a single-trunk species and has orange fruit that grows in clusters.40-50
Christmas PalmIts fronds are feather-like in shape and arch up from the end of the trunk.Its trunk is gray and slender with rings. Its green fruits will turn red when ripe.10-25

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Coconut Palm Tree

Type of Palm TreeFrond CharacteristicsBark (Trunk) and FruitHeight in Feet
Ponytail PalmIts leaves are grass-like and grow on top of a thin stem.The base of its trunk looks like a dome and turns gradually to a thin trunk on top. Its fruit grows about half an inch and is usually reddish in color.6-8
Pygmy Date PalmIts fronds are bushy and feather-like in shape growing from a single stem.Its trunk is usually slender and full of leaf scars and its fruit is elongated that has a color range of reddish-brown and deep purple.6-7
Pindo PalmIts fronds are pale grey, blue-green, or dark green perennial leaves.Its trunk is thick with diamond-shaped leaf bases and its small yellow to red fruits are clustered and elongated.10-20
Sylvester PalmIts fronds are silvery or greyish-blue and pointy.Its trunk is covered with diamond-shaped spines from leaf scars and its oval fruit turns to purplish-black when ripe.10-15

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Sylvester Palm Tree (Image: AntanO30)

Exploring the Influence of Palm Trees in Los Angeles History

One of the most recognizable symbols of Los Angeles is the palm tree. The city is marketed as a veritable haven in the middle of a barren desert. While palm trees are a common sight in Los Angeles,5 many of the most popular types that can be seen across the city are introduced species.

Franciscan missionaries undoubtedly introduced palm trees into Los Angeles history for their biblical importance. By the turn of the twentieth century, however, palms had become a popular ornamental plant and were widely connected with the rise of the gardening hobby. Its only function was decorative.

However, the arrival of the transcontinental train in Southern California led to the city’s rapid expansion. Despite its semiarid environment, Los Angeles started presenting itself as a tropical desert paradise.

The palm’s exotic appearance gives credibility to this view. The media’s participation in the “mass acceptance of romanticized, racialized, and gendered images of the South Pacific” is cited by some academics. It is evidence of a more complex relationship between the early 20th-century palm infatuation and the power relationships of American imperialism in the Pacific area.

The Rules of Indoor Palm Tree Care

Providing bright, indirect light and keeping the soil in their pots wet most of the time are the best indoor palm tree care practices. Keep the palm out of the cold and away from dry air vents to maintain a comfortable level of dampness.

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(Image: sunset_winter_mountain31)

Your palm tree in a pot can continue to grow tall and beautiful for many years if you give it the attention it needs, but you should never cut off its top. Ensure the fronds are not yanked or stroked too much since palms develop from the tip. Here are the tips to follow:

  • Bright and Indirect Sunlight

Most palms thrive in bright, indirect light, but those that aren’t will still survive the winter months even with much less light.

  • Sufficiently High Humidity

Even though your palm can tolerate being submerged for long periods, it will only really flourish when it is watered regularly.

  • Application of Fertilizer During the Growing Season

No fertilizer is necessary for houseplant trees, although they would appreciate it if you gave it to them.

  • Careful Pruning

The natural aging of palm leaves may cause them to become yellow or brown, and as a caring plant parent, you may feel compelled to remove them.

The following map shows the distribution of native palm species in the United States. It’s worth noting that types of palm trees may be cultivated in areas beyond this zone, but you won’t be able to find them there in nature.

Frequently Asked Questions About Types of Palm Trees

Should Different Types of Palm Trees Be Trimmed?

Palm trees can be trimmed if you do not chop off too much and to maintain a healthy palm tree, it is recommended that all fronds and branches below the horizontal be cut off. Too much leaf removal from different types of palm trees might stunt its development in the future.

Read More About Types of Palm Trees

12 Types of Palm Trees in Hawaii (Pictures): Identification Guide (Chart)
To Save the Orangutans Trees Are Our Only Hope
8 Endangered Tree Species Helping Fight Climate Change
How Many Trees Cut Down Each Year or in 2023? The Deforestation Crisis Explained
37 Types of Indoor Palm Trees to Grow (Pictures): Ranked Best to Worst
78 Types of Fan Palm Trees: Palm Leaves Identification Chart
8 Types of Palm Trees: Arizona Identification Guide (Arizona Palm Trees Chart)
The Giant Coconut Crab Is A Robber Crab…Literally (11 Fascinating Facts)

References

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2Miller, K. (2019, November 15). Oaks Instead Of Palm Trees? Florida’s Iconic Palms Don’t Cut It With Climate Change. WUSF Public Media. Retrieved October 26, 2022, from <https://wusfnews.wusf.usf.edu/environment/2019-11-15/oaks-instead-of-palm-trees-floridas-iconic-palms-dont-cut-it-with-climate-change>

3Broschat, T. K. (2020, October 15). Pruning Palms. UF | IFAS Extension. Retrieved October 26, 2022, from <https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/EP443>

4Russ, K., Pertuit, A., & Smith, B. H. (2015, December 21). Indoor Palms. Clemson Cooperative Extension. Retrieved October 26, 2022, from <https://hgic.clemson.edu/factsheet/indoor-palms/>

5Highsmith, C. M. (2012). Palm Lined Street in Los Angeles, California [Photograph]. Library of Congress. Retrieved October 26, 2022, from <https://www.loc.gov/item/2013632428/>

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21Alexey Demidov. Pexels. Retrieved from <https://www.pexels.com/photo/close-up-photo-of-green-palm-leaves-12448629/>

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29adelekeaton. Pixabay. Retrieved from <https://pixabay.com/photos/canary-island-date-palm-palm-tree-1761897/>

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43 Different Types of Palm Trees: Identification, Locations (State Map) (2024)
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